Representative Experience

Represented a producer of food products in an administrative enforcement action in which CBP alleged that the imports did not comply with the NAFTA rules of origin.


Advised solar components manufacturer on compliance with Buy American Act and Trade Agreements Act compliance issues.


Successfully appealed to CBP headquarters a change in tariff classification made at a port, resulting in the cancellation of CBP invoices for $20 million in duties.

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  • Energy
    • Advised on the scope of U.S. requirements for use of domestic vessels in “coastwise trade” of oil under the Jones Act.
    • Conducted internal reviews and prepared prior disclosures to CBP concerning compliance by an energy company with an anti-dumping duty order.
    • Advised petroleum company on compliance issues concerning operations within U.S. foreign trade zones.
  • Manufacturing
    • Successfully appealed to CBP Headquarters a change in tariff classification made at a port, resulting in the cancellation of CBP invoices for $20 million in duties.
    • Assisted the U.S. subsidiary of a major foreign manufacturer with a Focused Assessment audit by CBP, including being present for the entire audit.
    • Represented a U.S. company in negotiating a settlement with CBP of an enforcement action involving a failure to add the value of “assists” to the value of imported goods.
    • Advised solar components manufacturer on compliance with Buy American Act and Trade Agreements Act compliance issues.
    • Assisted manufacturing company enrolled in the Importer Self-Assessment program with its annual internal audits.
    • Represented a producer of food products in an administrative enforcement action in which CBP alleged that the imports did not comply with the NAFTA rules of origin.
    • Advised a manufacturer on customs law origin marking requirements and Trade Agreements Act domestic content rules.
    • Represented a manufacturer in obtaining CBP ruling that a remanufactured product could be considered substantially transformed in the U.S. and therefore eligible for sale to federal agencies.
    • Assisted a global manufacturer in evaluating the potential effect of free trade agreements on the relative costs of building a new factory in Asia.
    • Assisted a global security solutions company in reviewing the country of origin of its products related to Buy America, Buy American and Trade Agreement Act Compliance.
    • Advised metal components manufacturer on compliance with Recovery Act domestic content requirements of the EPA.
    • Advised commercial manufacturer on regulatory issues arising from inadvertent importation of radioactive products.
    • Assisted U.S. semiconductor company in enrolling in the Importer Self-Assessment program, including the site visit by CBP; also assisted client with a full-day C-TPAT verification audit.
    • Assisted U.S. electronics company in applying for country-of-origin rulings (COOL) on whether products are eligible to be purchased by U.S. federal agencies under the origin restrictions of the Trade Agreements Act.
    • Developed Lacey Act compliance program for telecommunications company seeking to source wood materials for its products and import these products into the U.S.
  • Travel/Transportation
    • Advised airline on customs enforcement matters involving submission of manifest data.
    • Advised airline on airline customs penalty actions.
    • Counseled logistics company regarding USDA APHIS Wood Packaging Material program in connection with infested shipment held by Customs at a U.S. port.

Practice Area Highlights

Pillsbury’s International Trade practice is nationally ranked by Chambers USA and partners Stephan Becker, Nancy Fischer and Christopher Wall ranked as Chambers USA and Chambers Global leading lawyers in International Trade.


Pillsbury received U.S. News/Best Lawyers recognition for International Trade & Finance and International Trade lawyer and practice recognition from The Legal 500 U.S.